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Glossary

A

Air-covered

A particular process whereby Lycra®* is covered with a continuous filament yarn (Velvet*).

Ajouré

Perforated pattern (openwork) created by structuring stitches.

Alternating

During the manufacture of tights, Lycra® is frequently knitted (alternating) into every second row.

Appearance

The term denier* does not refer to the thickness of the yarn in this case, but instead to the appearance of the tights.

Artificial silk

Original term for continuous viscose filament yarn.

B

Bare Lycra®

Lycra®* is used as made by INVISTA* (formerly DuPont), without any enwinding.

Bi-colour

Bicoloured or bicoloured pattern.

Bi-elastic

Elastic in two directions.

Bicomponent yarn

A yarn where two different basic materials with differing shrinkage characteristics are joined into a single filament*.

Bouclé

Effect yarns with loops or ringlets.

C

Cantrece

Brand name of INVISTA* (formerly DuPont) Bicomponent yarn*.

Carton insert

Carton insert for products.

Chiné look

Bicoloured, blurry background.

Colour Swatch

Texture and colour swatch.

Control Top

Top tights with figure-shaping panty section.

Corespun yarn

“Wrapped core”. Cotton or wool are wrapped around elastane.

Cotton

Often used in combination with other materials (e.g. Opaque Naturel*).

Crimped yarn

(Bulked yarns) achieved with mechanical treatment and heat, crimped yarns made of synthetic filaments*.

D

Decitex

(Abbreviation: dtex) Metric measure for description purposes.

Denier

(Abbreviation: den) The thickness of a yarn. The thinner, the finer, e.g. 5 den = 9,000 m of a yarn weighs 5 grams.

Double wrapped Lycra®

Lycra®* wrapped inside and outside, mostly with smooth Nylon*, one wrap anticlockwise, one clockwise.

E

Elastane

is a general umbrella term for super elastic fibres that can be combined with all natural fibres and synthetic fibres.

F

Fibre

The basic material – be it natural or synthetic – from which textile yarns and fabrics are produced.

Fibril

A tiny threadlike element of a continuous synthetic fibre.

Filament

A single fibre in continuous synthetic fibres.

Finish

Describes all processes that tights go through once knitted, in order to obtain their colour, texture and shape.

Footsies

Hosiery article not visible in a closed shoe, protecting the foot (Pas de deux).

Forming

A stocking is pulled over a leg form and given its leg shape by the application of heat.

H

Hosiery gloves

Gloves for putting on tights.

I

INVISTA (formerly DuPont)

Producer of synthetic fibres (important brand names: Lycra®*, Tactel® *,Cantrece®*).

K

Knee-High

Knee-high stocking.

Knitted trim

Trim is knitted to tights (e.g. Individual).

L

Logic

Support function is not achieved with a knitted waistband or sewn-on waistband, but with a 10 cm long support zone in the upper panty section. This means no pressure on tummy and waist.

Lycra®

Brand name for elastane* from INVISTA* (formerly DuPont), super

Lycra® 3D

Lycra® is knitted into every stitch and every row. This creates a superbly even look, maximum elasticity and extraordinary fit, e.g. “Individual”. Developed in 1991. Tights produced in this way and that meet prescribed standards have been certified by INVISTA (formerly DuPont) since 1994 and designated Lycra® 3D.

M

Merino yarn

Material made of the fine wool of Merino sheep.

Microfilament, microfibre

Consists of very many fine single filaments or single fibres (1.0 – 0.3 dtex).

Micromesh

Durable knitting design where stitches only run upwards. Because it looks a little coarse and has a pattern similar to honeycomb it is rarely used for the leg but rather generally for reinforcing the panty section (panty section Absolute Support with Control Top).

Mono-elastic

Elastic only in one direction.

N

Nylon

Another term for polyamide.

O

Opaque

Non see-through

Opaque Naturel

Product made of cotton (inside) and polyamide* (outside), created using a special Wolford knitting technique (plating).

P

Perlon

Brand name for polyamide*.

Piqué look

Waffle look.

Plating

Knitting two threads in parallel, such as glazed yarn and cotton, so that the glazed yarn appears on the outside and the cotton on the inside.

Polyamide

Synthetic fibre: main component in the material composition of tights.

Polyester

Synthetic fibre.

Polypropylene

Synthetic fibre: used for products with bi-colour effect*.

Push-up effect

Forming and supporting effect on certain parts of the body (Push-up Synergy).

R

Raschel fabrics

produced on special tricot fabric machines

Reciprocated heel

Knitted heel on tights (as opposed to formed heel).

Reinforced

Particularly stressed segments such as toe section, heel or panty section become more hard-wearing with added knitted-in Nylon.

Round luminous

The cross section of Nylon yarn* filaments* is round.

S

Satin Opaque

Tights with luxuriously iridescent, opaque material.

Satin Sheer with Lycra®

Protected trademark of INVISTA* (formerly DuPont) for legwear with wrapped Lycra® in every second row.

Sheers

Group of transparent legwear items.

Silicone

Stay-up* lace ribbons or smooth ribbons are coated on back with silicone, providing superior adhesion on leg.

softITELLIGENCE®

Unique Wolford clothing concept. All products can be mixed and matched with each other, thus providing various styling options right round the clock and for any occasion.

Stay-up

Hold-up stocking with a (lace) ribbon coated on back with silicone*.

Stitch stop

Knitted-in symbol (in micromesh*). No ladders.

Support & Forming

Supporting and forming.

T

Tactel®

Registered trademark of INVISTA (formerly DuPont) for a family of garment fibres based on polyamide.

Textured yarn

Crimple yarn or bulked yarn.

Texturing

Thermo-mechanical altering of smooth filaments with the aim of increasing total volume and elasticity.

Trilobal fibre

Cross section of Nylon yarn* filaments composed of three semi-circles.

U

Unhooped look

The same yarn is used in every row (as opposed to: alternating*), e.g. Individual

V

Velvet de Luxe

Super soft polyamide yarn, specially produced for Wolford.

Viscose

Synthetic fibre made of a natural basic material (cellulose).

W

Washbag

Wash bag for legwear and bodywear

Wool Cotton

Cotton on skin and finest wool on outside, made possible through a special knitting technique developed by Wolford (plating).

Wool seal/wool mark

Protected quality label for new wool with certain quality features.

Wrapped Lycra®

Lycra®* wrapped with polyamide*, material used most in the hosiery industry.